India is multi-cultural, multi-lingual, multi-religious country, who have different forms of attires for every states and every occasion. Different state follow different religious celebration and they do celebrate differently, wear different traditional attires. Every state follows their own traditional dress or apparels or fashion to go with the following occasion.
But, Dussehra is one such occasion which is being celebrated all over the country, in some different names. Like in West Bengal they call it Durga Puja, in Gujarat they call it Navratri, in Delhi they call it Dussehra, etc. So, here are few traditional attires of dussehra worn by people of different Indian states on festival.
Some Traditional Attires
As this state tops the chart of traditional attire or apparels, we all must have known about this traditional Bengali red and white saree all along. It was mainly worn by married Bengali women during the festival of Durga Puja on the last day of Dashami. After wearing this type of saree they go to Puja pandals and play with ‘Sindoor’ called ‘Sindoor Khela’. These of sarees are mainly worn to devotional or religious events.
The white in the saree is to represent purity and chastity of a women, but as complete white is only worn and reserved for widows in Hindu religion, so married women use a red border to distinguish themselves. As red border also symbolizes a women’s fertility and fidelity, which is thus her power. These sarees are generally accessorized with white bangles that are made of conch shells that are called ‘Sakha’ and red coral bangles called ‘Pola’.
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Navratri is one of the most celebrated festival in Gujarat. In this festival, for nine days people dance around to the tune of Garba. Navratri is generally a festival dedicated to the worship of Durga. Garba mainly originated in Gujarat, and is traditionally performed around a centrally lit lamp or a picture or a statue of goddess Shakti. The circular figures of Garba also have similarities to other dances like Sufi.
Men and women dance around while wearing colourful attire. Women’s fashionable wear is generally called ‘Chaniya Choli’. It is a three piece dress with a choli, which are also embroidered. Its colourful blouse is paired with a Chaniya, which is a flared skirt like bottom and duppatta.
Many years ago, all around 200 families migrated from AP (Andhra Pradesh) to Kodiyala, a small village near a Mysore and started practicing professional weaving. These families were basically from the Padmashali community, who were professional weavers. They had Mysore royal family as one of their loyal clients, including Tipu Sultan being one of them.
This traditional attire, became a dress code for the King’s court during Dussehra, which were started by the royals. Even for the person who visited the court was supposed to be dressed in this traditional attire. It became a sight to behold forever.
Royal women were as stylish as the Royal men. Women’s attire was generally consisted of a Nine Yard Saree. They drape these nine yard saree around them, which were made of rich and pure Mysore silk. These sarees have different metallic hues of nine yards and were artistically embroidered in golden threads. These nine yard wraps is quite a masterpiece in itself. The silk factory in Mysore was set up to meet the needs of the royal family women. To add more grandeur, the royals were mostly bejeweled with a Indian temple Jewellery that were studded with precious stones and gems.
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In Tamil Nadu most people celebrate a ten day Navratri in Bomma Golu/Bommai Kolu festival. Bomma means dolls and Bomma Golu is a display of dolls and figurines on an wooden steps. This display represents various kinds of gods and goddesses is one of the most customary aspects of this celebration of Navratri in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
Traditionally, women in these states were silk sarees or half sarees. These sarees are marked attire of women in every different occasion or celebration or functions. These sarees are also extremely prominent attire in South India. They are also referred as Pattu Pavadai Daavani in Tamil.
Navratri celebration in Punjab is quite unique. Young and married girls were engaged in Jagratas. Yes, Punjabi way of celebrating Dussehra. They involve in a feast to honour the Goddess Durga by praying an fasting for the first seven days. Jagratas are held at homes, all night long where families assemble by singing devotional songs.
The traditional attire that women’s wear are generally Punjabi Salwar Suit or Punjabi Ghagra. These attires have lively hues, embroidery and rich fabrics. This salwar suit has three items, a ‘kameez’ or top, with a ‘salwar’ that is a bottom and also a ‘Dupatta’ which is a Scarf.
A Punjabi ghagra is a four piece outfit, which is generally called as ‘tewar’ or ‘ti-or’ and is a traditional dress for Punjabi women throughout Punjab. The outfit have a ‘Phulakari’ or head scarf, Kurta or Kurti, Ghagra, and either a ‘suthan’, which is a baggy trousers with a tight band at the ankles, or a Punjabi Salwar.
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By – Triptika Basu