At a certain age, we all might have suffered from acne and pimples, which have left a very deep mark on your skin. Acne happen because of a lot of reason, like weather change, stress and many more. So here, are some daily skin care routine for acne prone skin.
What Is Acne?
It starts when the greasy secretions from your skin’s sebaceous glands or oil glands plug in the tiny opening for the hair follicles or plugged pores. If the openings becomes large, then the clogs take the form of blackheads: flat, small spots with dark centers. If the opening stays small, then the clogs take the form of whiteheads: flesh-colored, small bumps. Both of these type of plugged pores can develop in swollen, tender inflammations, pimples, deeper lumps or nodules. Nodules are mostly associated with severe case of acne or cystic acne that are firm swellings below the skin surface which become inflamed, tender, and also sometimes infected.
Although acne do remains mostly a curse of the adolescence, about 20 percent of all the cases occur among the adults. Acne most commonly start during puberty between the age of 10 to 13 and tend to be worse in some people who have oily skin. Teenage acne also lasts for almost five to 10 years, normally going off during the early 20s. It occur in both the sexes, although teenage boys do tend to have most severe cases.
Acne lesions are also most common problem on the face, but they also occur on the neck, back, chest, shoulders, as well as upper arms.
What Causes Acne?
1. Hormones: Most common acne in teenager starts with the increase in hormonal production. During puberty, both the boys and girls produce a high level of androgen. These increased hormonal level signal the body to make more of sebum, the oil that is produced in the skin’s oil glands and trigger the acne.
2. Genetics: Genetics also play a very important role in determining the type of skin that you have. If oily skin is genetics, then there are chances that even you can have skin with large sebaceous glands that can secrete oil.
3. Excessive use of skin care products: Every one of us experiment with a quite wide range of skin care products, in a quest to achieve a smoother, fairer and clear skin. This overuse of creams, gels, scrubs or even chemical peel can process and promote oil production in the skin.
4. Stress: There are many unlimited negative effect of the stress on both physical and mental health. The skin can respond to the chronic stress by producing androgen hormones, which can promote more amount of oil.
Daily Skin Care Routine
A. Clean Gently, But Well
Also make sure that you are using a right cleaner for the skin. If you are having mild breakouts, then washing is a good choice for the skin. Pick the one that contains either benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.
If you are wearing makeup, or if the skin get extra dirty or even sweaty during the day you can do a double wash at the night, just clean, rinse well, and repeat.
Remember, to not use any harsh bar soaps, antibacterial hand washes, and the like on the face.
Harsh soaps may not clear the acne, but they can irritate the skin.
B. Use Toner Or Astringent
Astringents or toners can help you to remove all the excess oil, and even fight ingredients. Apply the toner to a cotton ball or a pad and gently smooth it all over your face and neck to remove any of the leftover makeup, cleanser residue, as well as oil.
Alcohol-free products are also one of the best choices if the skin is irritated by the acne treatments or if you have lots of pimples. Alcohol-based toners can also sting sometimes.
But if toners or astringents do seem to over-dry or even irritate the skin, then do not use them. Same applies, if you are using prescribed acne medications. You are not going to harm the skin by not using a toner.
C. Apply Acne Treatment Medications
After the toner has completely dried off, smoothen your acne treatment cream as it is directed. This can be the medication that is prescribed by the doctor, or an over-the-counter acne gel or cream. First let the medication absorb or even dry off completely before you proceed to the next step.
D. Apply An Oil-Free Moisturizer Or Gel
Many type of acne medications can overly dry the skin off, leaving the skin thirsty for proper moisture. To reduce dry as well as peeling skin, you can apply a light moisturizer twice everyday.
Moisturizing gels as well as lotions are generally very light than the creams. Choose the one that is labeled as oil-free and also is noncomedogenic.
E. Protect Skin From The Sun
Last but not least, your skin need get protected from the sun. Sunscreen can prevent more than just the sunburn — it can help to reduce the chance of developing premature lines as well as wrinkles, dark spots, and skin cancer.
There is plenty of good sunscreens out there that are not heavy or even greasy, and won’t even clog the pores and make acne worse. Since acne medications can make the skin more sensitive to the sun, wearing sunscreen every single day is important for a good skin health.
Dermatologists recommend to wear sunscreen all year-round for best protection.