Uppada pattu sarees or uppada jamdani sarees is basically a saree style that is woven in the Uppada of the East Godavari District in Andhra Pradesh. They are mostly known for the light weight as well as easy wearability. This Jamdani style of weaving of uppada sarees is around three centuries old and it have originated from the neighbouring country Bangladesh, from where the weavers came as well as settled in Uppada. Uppada Pattu sarees take almost 10 to 60 days with two to three weavers spending around 10 hours each. The entire saree is done by hand-woven system and it gets the design on both the sides unlike other sarees. Here are some facts of beautiful uppada pattu saree designs and style.
Uppada Pattu Sarees
Origin and History
To understand the origin of Uppada pattu silk sarees, one has to trace the whole journey of Jamdani weaving technique, first. After the decline in 19th century because of the industrial revolution in England, Jamdani saw a very slow resurgence in 20th century.
The community of Padmasali, is one of the major caste who are engaged in the weaving of the sarees,which have an artistic zari work and beautiful designs.
The technique of this Jamdani was first being introduced in Uppada in 1988 where the incorporated designs are also very closely being identified with Andhra Pradesh. This also led to the birth of new design range that is called Uppada Silk sarees. However, it took almost about ten years for Uppada Silk sarees to get due recognition as well as popularity.
The Making Of Uppada Pattu Silk Sarees
The count which is being used in the weaving can give the softness as well as hardness to the fabric. In hand loom, count means the number of threads that is being woven length wise as well as breadth wise it is also known as the warp and weft respectively in square inch.
In Uppada, the count that is being used is 100 in length and 120 in breadth. The count is the one that makes the quality of this fabric. These sarees are typically having one of the finest form of pure silk threads that is warped and weft.
Jamdani that is made in Uppada has two weavers working on one loom weaving a very delicate as well as exquisite designs on the fabric that is themed with gold and sliver Zari with dupion.
As these sarees are generally done by hands, and sometimes it can even take two months to finish one single saree. With the magnificent luminous look and its light weight, Uppada pattu sarees are among the most expensive varieties of Silk sarees that is found in the world. They are appreciated worldwide and is also regarded as one of the most contributors in Indian textile.
Recreating the Jamdani weaving process is considered extremely difficult in the initial phase, because to familiarize this technique to the weavers with the intricate skills using hand weaving took a lot of time. Now even the weaving community try to procure the designs as well as raw materials and create the Jamdani Uppada Silk sarees at the places.
How the Coloring is done
First the yarn is washed properly and then being dipped in a desired color which is being kept in the boiler and the worker go on turning this yarn so that the color gets mixed evenly and properly into the yarn.
This is also the most important aspect in this process of mixing colors and this can give a unique as well as durable color to the fabric. After this it is again being washed and dried.
Once when it is washed and dried these yarns are then taken to get starched. Starching will give the yarn color a more permanent look and nature.
This starched yarn is then taken from the suppliers by the weavers and is given to weaving. This yarn is turned in the charka. The turning of this yarn in the charka is where the yarn actually becomes the thread, which is used for the weft.
The next step is loading of the yarn. The yarn is being loaded into the looms.
The yarn’s length that is loaded as a warp is called Pacham. Four sarees can be made from one pacham. Generally it takes a week to weave at least one Pacham i.e four sarees.
Wearing the Attire
Given the cost, Uppada silk sarees are used mostly in the occasions of weddings, festivals as well as formal gatherings. They are light in weight, and can be worn quite comfortably whole year.
Types Of Uppada Sarees
1. The Handmade Uppada Saree
This type is one of the best Uppada sarees that you might ever come across. It has the looks and material which can make any woman look amazing. The pattern this saree sports from the front as well as on the side is worth mentioning and it is also suitable for anybody.
2. The Big Boarder Uppada Saree
Here is another uppada saree that can be suitable for every women out there. The pattern is very intricate which can be said to be suitable for all the occasions as well as events.
3. The Simple Jamdani Uppada Saree
This is one such Uppada saree which every women out there may think of sporting on the body. It comes with a beautiful patch like patterns designed on the lower portion and to the extreme end of its sides, that is in the borders. This saree has been made to make every women look good and it is something that you might love carrying on the body as well.
Uppada silk sarees are held to be in great esteem to the world and is seen as one of the major contributor to India’s textile chronicles. In fact, in the London Museum of Victoria and Albert, it boast about the fantastic collection of the Jamdanis that include Uppada silk sarees.
Uppada silk sarees are also the most preferred choice by cinema actresses across the whole Indian spectrum for many formal occasions.
The recommendation for washing Uppada silk sarees for the first time is only dry cleaning must be done. From the second time, mild detergents can be used to wash. It must never be dried under the direct sunlight.
Interesting Facts and Comparisons
These sarees are also known to be ‘translucent’