Pcos or Poly cystic Ovary Syndrome is becoming, one of the most common increasing problems for women these days. It occurs because, the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are out of balance, which leads to pregnancy failure and many leading unwanted changes in the personality. Pcos is the most common endocrine disorder among women between the ages of 18 and 44.
India have more than 10 million cases per year. Early diagnosis and treatment can help control the symptoms, and prevent long-term problems in the body. If Pcos is not treated immediately, it can lead to serious health problems like diabetes, depression, high blood pressure, miscarriages, heart disease etc.
Know About Your Pcos
1Why It Happens?
Pcos is a heterogeneous disorder of uncertain cause. Some evidence says that it happens because of hormonal imbalance and sometimes it is also considered as a genetic disease. Women are more prone to this disease. It can be passed down if any one from mother, sister and even father side have it.
Sometimes over production of hormone Androgen, which is a male sex hormone, is also another contributing factor. Women who have Pcos produce higher-than-normal level of androgen. This can effect the development and release of eggs during ovulation. These women, have small cysts on their ovaries. That is why it is called poly cystic ovary syndrome. The cysts are not harmful, but lead to hormonal imbalances.
Pcos get more worse by exposures during the prenatal period, cellular factor, environment impacts and increasing rates of obesity
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2How To Identify The Symptoms?
- Menstrual disorder, some women will have less than nine periods a year, whereas some will have no periods. Others have heavy bleeding every month
- Infertility, trouble in getting pregnant.
- High level of masculinizing hormones, which causes hirsutism (male pattern of hair growth). There is also increase hair thinning on the scalp, that is, androgenic alopecia.
- Metabolic syndrome, which is a tendency to gain weight or obesity. Losing weight has become a headache.
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Treatment for PCOS is not curative. It focuses on controlling symptoms and help prevent long-term health problems. A healthy diet and regular exercise is recommended for all women with PCOS, particularly those who are overweight.
A Healthy diet includes lots of vegetables, fruits, nuts, beans, and whole grains. It limits foods that are high in saturated fat. Losing weight can be beneficial. Smoking is very bad for women with Pcos symptoms, because it increases the androgen level. Birth control pills may help with improving the regularity of periods, excess hair growth, and acne.
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4Complications Associated with Pcos
There are many complications surrounding women who have Pcos. They have a high risk of developing Hypertension (high blood pressure), High Cholesterol, Anxiety and Depression, Sleep Apnea (when a person breathes less frequently during sleep), Endometrial Cancer (cancer caused by thickening of the lining of the uterus), Heart Attack, Diabetes, Acanthosis nigricans, which is patches of darkened skin under the arms, in the groin area, on the back of the neck, darker velvety skin.
Women face many problem with infertility. If, she becomes pregnant, she can have a high risk in miscarriage, gestational diabetes and premature delivery.
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5How Is Pcos Diagnosed?
There is no definitive test for Pcos. Doctors may perform a pelvic examination to look for signs of Pcos, such as swollen ovaries or a swollen clitoris. Blood tests to measure hormone levels, thyroid function tests, glucose tests, lipid level tests to assess the amount of cholesterol. A vaginal ultrasound or a pelvic exam also allows your gynecologist to know about the enlarged or abnormal ovaries.
If there are any irregularities in the body, you have to check with your gynecologist, to pursue immediate treatment. Delaying or ignoring a symptom can cause severe health hazard.
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