Cotton sarees always make a comfortable clothing during summers. As Indian summer season is basically famous for being brutally hot, and there are many types of Indian cotton sarees for summer that can help to combat the heat. Every Indian state have its very own variety of own traditional cotton sarees. For example; Venkatagiri sarees or Sambalpuri sarees are quite very famous for their fabric quality. Jamdani or Chicankari artwork is also available in cotton sarees in the market.
One of the most famous Indian saree using cotton is khadi. Khadi was one of its original kind that has been done on a home-spun cloth and the texture in it is also rough. One of the finest example is Mahatma Gandhi and his spinning khadi to stop the import of British textiles during the independence struggle. Khadi which was once a symbol of national freedom movement is now a style statement. Other famous Indian origin sarees include Kota Jali sarees or Chanderi sarees.
There are many types of embroidery, handloom styles as well as patterns that can help to define the various types of Indian cotton sarees. I have listed some of the best cotton sarees for summer here.
Cotton Sarees For Summer
1Kota Jali Or Kota Doria
Kota is one of the famous places in Rajasthan, it is very popular for beautiful cotton Kota Jali or Kota Dorai sarees. These sarees are Light in weight as well as transparent, these types of sarees are popularly made in some small villages in and around Kota. These sarees are made of silk and pure cotton they have square like patterns which is also known as khats on them.
It is generally woven on a traditional pit loom in a fashion that it can produce square checks pattern on the saree fabric. These delicately wrought checks are also locally known as ‘khats’. Generally onion juice and rice paste is being smeared with a lot of care in the yarn to make the yarn so strong that no additional finishing is needed.
It is also very airy and light in nature, these cotton sarees are considered ideal for the summers.
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Jamdani was originally known as Dhakai, which was named after the city of Dhaka is Bangladesh. It is one of the most ancient textile weaving centers in the Bengal region. They are also known as ‘Dhakai Jamdani’ or simply ‘Dhakai’. Just like its weaving Jamdani also mean ‘flower vase’ in Persian.
It is basically a handloom woven fabric that is made of cotton. Jamdani cotton is woven as well as striped in flower patterns and is very colorful. These cotton sarees are generally very expensive because of all the amount of labor that go in the production.
Venkatagiri sarees comes from the Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. These cotton sarees are woven from a fine cotton yarn, and typically it have golden borders. Motifs that are commonly woven into these Venkatagiri sarees mostly includes leaves, coins, parrots or simply just by contrasting blocks or even stripes of color. These saree history dates back to the early 1700’s when there was the rule of Venkatagiri, and these sarees were mostly woven for the queens, royal women as well as zamindars.
Sambalpuri sarees are mostly produced in Sambalpur district in Orissa. These cotton sarees have woven traditional motifs like the shankha or shell, chakra or wheel, phula or flower, which have a deep symbolism. But the highpoint on these sarees is basically the traditional craftsmanship of its ‘Bandhakala’, or the Tie-dye art that is reflected in its intricate weaves, which is also famous for Sambalpuri “Ikkat”. The ‘Ikkat’ is usually contrasted, in geometric motifs. Mostly these Sambalpuri cotton sarees are hand-woven, and because of which are fairly expensive.
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Khadi is basically a term for handspun and hand-woven cloth. This cloth is basically woven from cotton and may include silk, or even wool. These fabrics are spun in a yarn on a spinning wheel which is also known as a ‘charkha’. It is one of the most versatile fabric, which is cool in summer as well as warm in winter. In order to get a improved look, sometimes khadi is being starched to give it a more stiffer feel.
Khadi is woven in such a particular way that it allows most of the passage of air through its cloth, thus making it an ideal wear for hot Indian summers.
Nauvari sarees as the name indicate is a nine yards saree that is worn mostly by Marathi women. The name ‘Nauvari’ originated from the saree’s length of nine yards. The style of draping a Nauvari has evolved from the traditional style to modern-ages cult and is being draped in such a way that it looks like a trouser-dress like appearance, while the sari is being tucked at the back. These sarees usually come in cotton and is mostly worn without a Petticoat, majorly by a Maharashtrian Brahmin women community.
Chanderi cotton sarees are one of the amazing traditional sarees, that are being made from the Chanderi, in Madhya Pradesh. This saree are quite distinct from other sarees because of its semi-transparent texture. Chanderi cottons are pretty light and also have a bright sheen on them. These sarees are produced from the three kinds of fabrics i.e., chanderi cotton, pure silk as well as silk cotton.
The designs mostly include traditional coin, flora art, peacocks as well as geometrics that are woven in different chanderi patterns. The sarees are considered as among one of the finest sarees in India and is also known for its gold and silver brocade or even zari, fine silk or even opulent embroidery.
It is believed that the weaving culture has been there since the 13th century. In the beginning, most of the weavers are Muslims, then later in 1350 the Koshti weavers who are from Jhansi then migrated to Chanderi and settled there.
Bomkai saree or sonepuri saree, is one of the best handloom saree from the Ganjam district of Odisha. Bomkai sarees have typical pallu of a saree and apart from that, the whole saree have small dots of embroidery as well as slim border.
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Actually the name comes from the embroidery done with the thread, which is known as Chickankari. The style comes from Lucknow. This style of embroidery is believed to have been introduced by Nur Jahan, the wife of Jahangir, the Mughal Emperor. There are many number of stories related with this embroidery. Chikan began as a type of white-on-white embroidery. The work on these sarees is usually done with contrasting colours of threads.